April 14, 20210

[Eng] Diabetes and Diabetes Wound

Diabetes is a disease caused by the high concentration of sugar in the blood. Blood sugar is our main source of energy and it comes from the food we consume. This briefly explains why it is important for our body. Diabetes Mellitus is the most common type of diabetes and it is divided into two sub-types which are Type 1 and Type 2. An individual with Type 1 diabetes has problems in producing insulin, where Type 2 diabetes is mainly due to the insulin produced doesn’t respond to the sugar found in the blood.  

According to Malaysia’s Minister of Health, Datuk Seri Dr. Adham Baba stated that 3.9 million people in Malaysia are suffering from diabetes which is equivalent to 1 out of 5 Malaysian adults. Suffering from diabetes affects an individual’s quality of life and the high percentage of diabetic patients would make it worse. Some comorbidities that can occur simultaneously when one suffers from diabetes are hypertension, heart disease, diabetic ulcer, glaucoma, as well as kidney failure. The package of diabetes with other comorbidities that come along would make it harder for certain individuals, especially those who come from a low-income family. 

The percentage of recovering from diabetes is very low and usually, diabetes would be a long-life disease to an individual. Consuming medications continuously would be the only alternative to control the blood sugar level in the body. People who suffer from diabetes tend to get diabetes ulcers easily. Wounds found on the skin of diabetic patients require a longer time to heal compared to healthy human beings. Circulation of blood around the wound site is important for wound healing. This is due to the fact that people with diabetes tend to have narrowed blood vessels which leads to less oxygen reaches the wound site, therefore, skin tissues do not heal as quickly.

Figure 1. Healthy foot vs Diabetic foot | Shutterstock Images

Diabetic patients have more sensitive skin; hence it is way easier for them to develop wounds, especially at the bottom parts of the body such as the feet and thigh. Having a diabetic wound would make the individual feels very uncomfortable, therefore, proper medications and wound dressings are required to assist them in treating wounds. 

Figure 2. Silver Spray for Wound Management

Based on previous research, silver plays a good role in treating wounds. It dries up the skin way faster compared to iodine liquid. It is also known as an antibacterial agent, which would be an added value to its function. Germs can easily enter the blood vessel through an open wound. By using the silver spray, not only does it help in drying up the wound faster, but also assists in maintaining good hygiene on and surrounding the wound area.

Figure 3 Quote by Jada Pinkett Smith

The quote stated above by Jada Pinkett Smith reminds us to not take our health and body for granted. It is okay to consume what you love but with moderation. Prevention is always better than cure! Stay safe and healthy, friends! 


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